For The Current Umpire


  • Always conduct yourself in a professional, business-like manner and at all times display a neutral, fair, and just attitude.
  • Be alert at all times - hustle.
  • Be neutral, show no partiality.
  • Have the courage of your convictions.
  • Be neat and well dressed in appearance.
  • Have correct equipment - mask, protector, indicator and broom.
  • Call all plays in a decisive manner and be firm in your decisions.
  • Discuss questionable plays with the coach or manager only.
  • Do not argue with players or parents. If there is an issue consult the coach of the player or parent and ask them to remediate the situation.
  • Know your rules and study them continually.
  • Do not offer an opinion to a fellow umpire, until requested.
  • Never run away from responsibility. Have the courage to make your own decisions.
  • Be on time for all scheduled games and ready to inspect the field, go over ground rules and take possession of game balls.
  • Be on top and in complete control of the game.
  • Keep your eye on the ball at all times.
  • Do not linger on the field after the game to discuss a game with anyone.
  • There is no substitute for hustle and knowledge of the rules.
  • Get out in front of potential issues with open communication.

Umpiring Basics

Basic Stance

  • Good athletic position, bent at waist (avoid taking a knee - exposes upper leg and hard to get up and down when calling in field plays)
  • Stay square - use the protective equipment
  • Indicator in right hand, hands behind
  • “In the slot” - over shoulder of catcher to batter side, arm's length from catcher, foot at point of plate.
  • Decreases chances of getting hit and visual impairment from catcher trying to catch the ball.

Dealing w/Comments from Stands

  • Call Time ask both coaches to meet and ask the coaches to address the comments.
  • Never talk to parents (during/before/after)

Calling Ball, Strike, Out, and Safe

  • Three S’s - See It, Say It, Show It
  • Provides separation.
  • Say it in the crouch, stand and show it - provide separation.
  • Loud, confident and slow with action
  • Don’t say Strike 1 or 2, but do say Strike 3
  • Never say “Batter Out” Unless you have to - once all variables exhausted then say it
  • Why? Dropped third and creates a 3rd out situation (Create separation)
  • What to do when ball is hit in field of play
  • Take 4-5 steps inside 3rd base line and situate (inside diamond)
  • Try to stop prior to play to keep vision from bouncing
  • Always focus on the bag, not the runner. Get eyes on the bag ASAP.
  • Train eyes to bag based on where the play is going
  • Tie goes to runner
  • What to do with the mask?
  • Calling - obviously on
  • When ball is hit in field of play, while moving to advantageous view remove with non-indicator hand
  • If play at plate or play at plate - keep on
  • Don’t throw the mask on the ground.

Be confident, if you missed a call and are questioned by a coach. Take your time, recall your rules and the situation and if you feel like you may have missed it, tell them you may have missed a call. We all have grace and if you have any issues beyond that, contact Umpire-in-Chief

Rule Reference Videos

Lemont Baseball and Softball Club has adopted the PONY standard rules and subsidized them with the additional rules provided. Please review the cliff notes version below, as well as a few helpful reference videos.

Dropped Third Strike

Infield Fly Rule

(Maverick, Pinto or Mustang)

  • Runners on 1st, 1st and 2nd, or 1st, 2nd and 3rd with less than 2 outs. Ball is popped up and infield positions are determined by the umpire as the most likely arbiter to catch the ball, batter is out.
  • Base runners are protected if running, but if tag up and run its at their own peril.
  • Bunts and line drives are exceptions - difference between/line drive and pop up is umpires' discretion.


  • Once in set positions - 3 things you can do: pitch, legally disengage, or hop and throw.
  • Must pause in the set position. Once in set position, can move head but not upper torso, can not jump and not throw ball.

Interference (Offensive) and Obstruction (Defensive)

  • Baserunner has right to baseline if ball is not in possession of fielder (Obstruction)
  • Batter/runner runs for double makes contact with 1st baseman while running.
  • Can also be umpire interference.
  • Both have right to baseline if ball is in possession of fielder.
  • Fielder is hindered or confused from being able to make a play. (Interference)
  • Ball hit and strikes baserunner.


  • In/Under/Through/Bounce Over Fence
  • Bounce Over - Ground Rule Double
  • Under/In/Through - Dead Ball advance one base from dead ball
  • Pitcher's Mound or Base Struck and bounced foul: Ball is fair
  • Ball hits player and bounces foul: Ball is fair
  • Ball is hit and ends up on home plate: Ball is fair
  • Ball is hit and connects with batter or bat: Dead Ball/Interference
  • Batter Bats Out of Order


Lee Russell

LBSC Umpire Coordination and Main Contact

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